Leadership in environmental sustainability and reducing the environmental impact play an essential role in the activities of Walmart Canada. We are committed to reducing our environmental footprint by selling products that are routed to the market in a sustainable way, reducing energy consumption and reducing the amount of waste sent to landfills.


In 2015, Walmart Canada stores were powered with 20,004 MWh of green electricity and through a $16.8 million investment in that same year, 110 Walmart Canada stores were retrofit with LED lights. The total chain is expected to be retrofit by 2019 resulting in a reduction of Walmart Canada’s greenhouse gas emissions by 28,000 tonnes of CO2 annually.

In November 2010, Walmart Canada opened its sustainable Balzac Fresh Food Distribution Centre, a facility that uses hydrogen fuel cells to power forklifts as well as solar, thermal and wind power. This cutting-edge facility is an estimated 60 per cent more energy-efficient than the company's traditional refrigerated distribution centres allowing it to cut costs by $4.8 million over a 5-year period.


One of Walmart’s three global sustainability goals is to create zero waste across its operations. While this goal may be bold, we continue to make measurable progress to deliver on this commitment. Walmart Canada has programs in place to divert more than a dozen waste-streams from landfill. Walmart Canada now diverts 80 per cent of its operational waste.

Food Waste

We believe food waste is a significant social and environmental problem. Good food should never go to waste, period.

We know how crucial food donations are to the one in five kids in Canada at risk of starting their day without breakfast and the one in ten Canadians don’t know where their next meal will come from. We also know that organic waste is bad for the environment and generates greenhouse gases. Eliminating food waste is an important priority for Walmart here in Canada and globally we are proud to be a leader in environmental sustainability.

Lost food sales are also bad for business. Processing food waste costs millions of dollars - money that would be better used lowering prices for our customers.

In Canada, Walmart stores have donated more than five million pounds of food to food banks across the country through our comprehensive food diversion program. This program pairs Walmart Canada stores with a local food bank and ensures good food is donated to those who need it most. Globally, Walmart donates one billion pounds of food in North America each year.

So what are we doing about food waste?

Our ultimate goal is to eliminate all good food going to waste. To do this:

1. Food nearing its best before date or that is not visually appealing but otherwise deemed safe for consumption is sold at a discounted price as part of our Customer Value Program;

2. We donate as much food as we can. To be able to donate more, we are funding food bank initiatives to expand their capacity to accept food donations from Walmart or any organization that has food to donate, particularly fresh produce and meat. Over the past two years the Walmart Foundation and Walmart Canada have committed millions of dollars as part of a multi-year plan to help strengthen food security and build up the charitable meal system in Canada;

3. Food deemed not safe to eat or that is damaged is sent for organic recycling in many of our stores;

4. We are working with our suppliers to improve packaging and food handling processes to maintain quality and freshness;

5. We are improving our existing store waste processes, to donate more, and working with waste partners to eliminate all organic waste we send to landfill.

The image below shows the U.S Environmental Protection Agency's Food Recovery Hierarchy. Walmart Canada uses this as a guide for our food waste management efforts:

Donations and partnerships

Supporting infrastructure and capacity building in our food bank network

In addition to food donations Walmart Canada has donated over $2.1 million since 2011 to Food Banks Canada and the Walmart Foundation has donated more than $2 million to build capacity in Food Banks Canada and Canadian food recovery networks including Second Harvest and Quest Food Recovery – meaning more trucks, more refrigerators and more people to get this food to those who need it most. This increased capacity offers local food banks the ability to accept more food from donors, be it from Walmart or any other organization including other retailers that has good food to donate. These grants are the first step in a multi-year, multi-million dollar commitment to strengthen food security in Canada.

Food donations

In Canada, Walmart stores have donated more than five million pounds of food to food banks across the country through our comprehensive food diversion program. This program pairs Walmart Canada stores with a local food bank and ensures good food is donated to those who need it most. Globally, Walmart donates one billion pounds of food in North America each year. Second Harvest, a food recovery organization also receives food donations from our Perishable Distribution Centre in Mississauga with pick-ups occurring multiple times per week.


While we are able to donate dry grocery items as well as meat, dairy and bread, we are unable to donate fresh produce to our hunger relief and food recovery partners. As such, we are working very closely with food banks and other food recovery organizations to find solutions to be able to donate fresh produce. These solutions include building capacity and infrastructure within these organizations to add more refrigerators, trucks and resources through Walmart Foundation funding. This increase in capacity and strength of infrastructure will help our partners receive more food donations from any organization, including other retailers who have good food to donate.

Read our Food Waste FAQ for further information.

Plastic Waste Reduction

A reduction and potential elimination of single-use shopping bags represent a tremendous opportunity to minimize the amount of waste being sent to landfills. Each year, Canadians use billions of plastic bags.

Reducing the amount of plastic sent to municipal landfill sites has been a focus for Walmart Canada since 2005.  As part of that effort, Walmart has expanded the sale of reusable bags, improved in-store bag recycling programs and continues to work with its suppliers to develop innovative packaging that reduces the need for bags.

On February 9, 2016, Walmart Canada began phasing out free, single-use shopping bags at Canadian Walmart stores. In place of these bags, we are encouraging customers to use reusable bags that will be offered for 97 cents, in an effort to reduce the number of single-use bags we distribute. 

Reduce: Bring your own reusable bag to help reduce waste or purchase a reusable bag from Walmart Canada.  

Recycle: Return your plastic bags to your local Walmart Canada store so they can be recycled through our plastic film recycling program.

Responsible Packaging

We all know the 3 “R’s” of sustainability – reduce, reuse and recycle. By working with our suppliers, we’re developing product packaging solutions that cut unnecessary waste and save our customers money. We also encourage our vendor-partners to increase recycled content in their packaging and to use materials that are recyclable.

SORT Program

Walmart Canada launched its Store Operations Reclamation Transformation (SORT) program in 2014 to divert general merchandise products from compactors, which would otherwise end up in municipal landfill. Since the start of the program, we have kept 34,000 pallets of product out of store compactors – this is the equivalent of 1,300 truckloads of freight! 


Our customers have high expectations of us – and they should. They expect us to bring them a broad assortment of merchandise at everyday low prices. They also want products that are produced responsibly. We believe customers shouldn’t have to choose between products they can afford and products that are produced in an environmentally responsible way.

In partnership with our suppliers and NGO stakeholders, we’re working hard to exceed those expectations. We’re making sustainability an essential part of how we source merchandise around the world. In doing so, Walmart is taking a leading role globally in addressing the most important issues facing the consumer goods industry, helping our suppliers become more competitive businesses, creating a more resilient supply chain and increasing our customers’ trust in us and the brands we carry.